a Videotape Review
Establishing the Learning
- Know your learners!
- State the ground
rules-time limits, confidentiality for patient/physician. If grading
learners based on the tape, discuss this honestly.
- Thank the person
in the "hot seat", promise respectful feedback.
- Choose how to
review tape: you may start at the beginning, have the learner pre-select
a "trouble spot", watch the ending only.
- Ask for a brief
introduction to the tape, to orient the group to the encounter.
- Everyone participating
should articulate specific goals, which are behaviorally oriented-i.e.
observing the use of open-ended questions, motivational interviewing
techniques, nonverbal communication etc.
The Videotape Review
A. Give the person
in the "hot seat" the remote.
B. View a segment of the tape.
- The learner wants
to make a comment.
- There is nervous
laughter in the room.
- You recognize
a "nodal point" - a choice the learner makes in conducting the interview.
- When a structural
element is demonstrated i.e. after the opening statement, when the patient
tells his story uninterrupted. No more than 2-3 minutes have elapsed.
C. Lead a brief interactive
discussion for each segment (second side).
- Let the person
in the hot seat make the first comment.
- Model effective
- Make a limited
number of teaching points building on previous segments.
- Generate hypotheses
- about the interview, patient, relationship.
- Move on.
- Acknowledge that
there was much more that could have been explored.
- Ask the learners
what they have learned (remind them of their goals). Summarize the feedback.
- Discuss next steps
in practicing new behaviors.
- Make plans for
the next meeting.
Brief and Focused Discussion of a Videotape Segment
Ask the person in the "hot seat" how she is doing so far.
Expect a critique, be prepared to give positive feedback.
Model effective feedback - about the behavior not the person, nonjudgmental,
relevant to the learner and the topic.
Ask the group to comment (if doing it in a group).
- Teaching Points:
Point out basics using organizing structures:
Three Functions of the Medical Interview
1. Data gathering.
2. Relationship building.
3. Patient education.
The Structural Elements of the Interview
For instance-Opening, Introductions, Assessing and overcoming barriers
to communication, Asking open-ended questions, Active listening to and
facilitating of the patients opening statement, Using summary statements.
The Diagnostic Process
generating and refinement.
What do we think is going on medically, psychosocially?
What strategies are being employed to rule-in/rule-out?
What are the visual cues?
Whatever medical issues arise.
Be prepared to discuss common psychiatric illness (depression, anxiety,