Components of Facilitating a Small Group Discussion
(facilitator and learners)
Start on time
Create a safe environment
Outline what will occur during the session
Model respect/acceptance of others
Use non-judgmental language-"I understand what you are
saying, but I'm not sure I agree, I wonder what others think".
Facilitating a Discussion
Use open ended questions to broaden the discussion and
closed ended questions to deepen it.
Enthusiasm for all responses (not just the right answers).
Avoid "tell me what I'm thinking" questions
Pause and allow enough time for an answer
Encourage Clinical Reasoning
Decide on likely diagnoses
Types of Questions
Factual-to get information and open discussion.
"What are the criteria for
Broadening-to introduce additional facts and
"What other facts are important?"
Justifying-to challenge old ideas and develop new
"Why do you think so?
Hypothetical-to explore unknowns/change course of
discussion."Suppose the patient was
Alternative-to make decisions between alternatives/reach
agreement."Which of these two treatment is best?"
Use names, make eye contact
Check in with quieter members
Control dominant/disruptive members
was learned (or ask learners to)
Identify unmet needs and assign tasks
Share with the group what you learned
Plan for the next session